How to Make Crayons

Since their invention in 1903 by cousins Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith, crayons have become an essential component in every school. No other commercial product can match the versatility of crayons. They are not sharp or messy like other painting tools. The best part is that they are nontoxic and available in more than 120 colors. In fact, you will find them available in any drawing color.

Process for Making Crayons

Crayons play a major role in developing a child’s creativity. Regarding their market standard, there are many brands that release specific types of crayons. For example, scented crayons, crayons that glow in the dark, sparkling crayons, and water-soluble crayons. The base component for making all these types is the same, paraffin wax; the additional color and scent are incorporated by supplementing specific ingredients during the crayon making process.

Commercial Process

The basic ingredients in crayons are paraffin wax and pigments that impart their specific colors to them. In the commercial crayon making process, the paraffin wax is heated first until it melts. Following this, specific amounts of the coloring agent and hardening powder are added to the hot liquid wax. After testing the density and viscosity of the liquid mixture, it is poured into a mold that consists of numerous crayon-shaped holes.

Once the liquid mixture cools down, it solidifies and the crayons are formed. Hardened crayons are removed from the mold by applying hydraulic pressure or other removal methods on it. Prior to packaging, the crayon sticks are manually checked for any defects. Well-solidified and uniform crayons are labeled and packed for release in the market. The wax leftovers or any rejected sticks are re-melted and recycled for further production. This is how crayons are made commercially on a large scale.

Homemade Process

For making them at home, you will need the following ingredients – ½ cup soap flakes, food coloring (color as per your choice), and 1 tablespoon hot water. First of all, combine the soap flakes and hot water in a small mixing bowl. Stir the mixture well to form a fine paste. Add the food coloring slowly, pinch by pinch, and stir each time so that the coloring dissolves completely. Stop adding the color when you achieve the desired crayon shade.

Add the paste into the candy molds carefully by using a small spoon. Make sure that there are no air bubbles within the molds. Leave the molds aside and allow the crayons to cool down completely. Then remove the crayons from the molds and leave them undisturbed for a day. Follow the same procedure for making different colors. If you wrap these homemade crayons in an attractive packing, then it makes a perfect personalized gift. You can also melt broken and unused sticks for making crayon chunks. One interesting fact is that a child generally uses more than 700 crayon sticks before their 10th birthday.

How To Make Colored Sand

Sand is nothing, but naturally occurring granular pieces of rock. Usually found at the bottom of the lakes and oceans, it is piled up on the coast in form of dunes. Even, many adults still get fascinated by the idea of making a sand castles on seashores. It has always played an important role in our intellectual growth. Chemically, it is made up of various minerals. Its natural color depends on these minerals. It is used as a major component in plaster material, mortar, brick making, etc. However, it is a fun fact to know that we can also do sand painting with the color of our choice.

Colored art sand is a really interesting craft material that can allow your creativity to run ahead of time. The various queer activities related to it have become widely famous amongst the kids these days. It is also a good task to give it to the kids in their free time. Preparing it at home can prove to be a great way to intensify your child’s creative vision. Once you get to know the art of making it at home, you can turn it into various sculptures, paintings, and other art forms. Regular craft sand is available at crafts stores and online.

Food colors of your choice
Container to mix
Inundate the sand with enough water in a container.
Add ample amounts of your favorite food color into the container and mix. Wait for some time as the sand may take time to get the desired color.
Now, drain out the sand on a paper napkin and let it dry out completely.
It is not required to mention that you should use different containers for different colored sands! Because black and white food colorings are not easily available you can use the following options for the same:
Black: Mix red, yellow, and blue coloring in equal amounts.
White: Use icing whitener on the sand in generous amounts.

Just keep one thing in mind, the container must be large enough to bear the desired amount of sand as well as the water.

One really very interesting implication of sand art is to use it in weddings, it is called ‘sand ceremony’. This ceremony is really a trendy way to make your wedding unique. It helps both the families to come closer to each other while doing the fun task of sand craft. The bride, the groom, and their selective family members use different layers of different colored sands and arrange it in a pot. This ceremony is a way of showings vows of commitment, love, and respect towards each other as well as their families. Various colors signify various emotions:
White: Purity and devotion
Blue: Patience and tranquility
Green: Health and luck
Yellow: Harmony and balance
Purple: Dignity and strength
Red or Pink: Passion, love, and romance
Silver: Creativity and inspiration
Brown: Health and home
Now that you have learned how to make colored sand, all you have to do is use this to make various art and craft forms of your choice! This proves to be a good chore when given to the kids in their free time or as a summer task. It is one thing that has the ability to fascinate both kids and parents equally!